2017年7月21日 星期五

Autologin to getty and show Chinese

Ubuntu 12.04

Auto login to getty

1. sudo vim /etc/init/tty1.conf
2. exec /sbin/getty -8 38400 tty1
   to
   exec /sbin/getty --autologin userName -8 38400 tty1
ref : Here

利用 fbterm 在 ctrl + alt + f1 下可以顯示中文字
1. 安裝 fbterm  (sudo aptitude install fbterm)
2. usermod -G video qixinbo
   or
   sudo vim /etc/group
        video:x:44:username
3. $ fbterm
   or
   $ fbterm -- /path/command.sh
這樣就會跳到fbterm內了,然後就可以看到中文了 (沒特別指定就能看到big5)
ref :
1. Here
2. start2523專欄

其它ref:
1. 開機後自動執行程式
2. sudo 免輸入密碼 (Ubuntu)

Socket IPC with file

除了signal外,用 Server/Client 傳訊習也很方便
/*
 * File connection.h
 */

#define SOCKET_NAME "/tmp/9Lq7BNBnBycd6nxy.socket"
#define BUFFER_SIZE 12

/*
 * File server.c
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/un.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include "connection.h"

init main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    struct sockaddr_un name;
    int down_flag = 0;
    int ret;
    int connection_socket;
    int data_socket;
    int result;
    char buffer[BUFFER_SIZE];

    /*
     * In case the program exited inadvertently on the last run,
     * remove the socket.
     */

    unlink(SOCKET_NAME);

    /* Create local socket. */
    Server跟Client要用同一個協定(廢話)
    connection_socket = socket(AF_UNIX, SOCK_SEQPACKET, 0);
    if (connection_socket == -1) {
        perror("socket");
        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

    /*
     * For portability clear the whole structure, since some
     * implementations have additional (nonstandard) fields in
     * the structure.
     */

    memset(&name, 0, sizeof(struct sockaddr_un));

    /* Bind socket to socket name. */

    name.sun_family = AF_UNIX;
    strncpy(name.sun_path, SOCKET_NAME, sizeof(name.sun_path) - 1);

    ret = bind(connection_socket, (const struct sockaddr *) &name,
               sizeof(struct sockaddr_un));
    if (ret == -1) {
        perror("bind");
        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

    /*
     * Prepare for accepting connections. The backlog size is set
     * to 20. So while one request is being processed other requests
     * can be waiting.
     */

    ret = listen(connection_socket, 20);
    if (ret == -1) {
        perror("listen");
        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

    /* This is the main loop for handling connections. */

    for (;;) {

        /* Wait for incoming connection. */

        data_socket = accept(connection_socket, NULL, NULL);
        if (data_socket == -1) {
            perror("accept");
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
        }

        result = 0;
        for(;;) {

            /* Wait for next data packet. */

            ret = read(data_socket, buffer, BUFFER_SIZE);
            if (ret == -1) {
                perror("read");
                exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
            }

            /* Ensure buffer is 0-terminated. */

            buffer[BUFFER_SIZE - 1] = 0;
            printf("buffer=%s\n", buffer);
            /* Handle commands. */

            if (!strncmp(buffer, "DOWN", BUFFER_SIZE)) {
                down_flag = 1;
                break;
            }

            if (!strncmp(buffer, "END", BUFFER_SIZE)) {
                break;
            }

            /* Add received summand. */

            result += atoi(buffer);
        }

        /* Send result. */

        sprintf(buffer, "%d", result);
        ret = write(data_socket, buffer, BUFFER_SIZE);

        if (ret == -1) {
            perror("write");
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
        }

        /* Close socket. */

        close(data_socket);

        /* Quit on DOWN command. */

        if (down_flag) {
            break;
        }
    }

    close(connection_socket);

    /* Unlink the socket. */

    unlink(SOCKET_NAME);

    exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}

/*
 * File client.c
 */

#include <errno.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/un.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include "connection.h"

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    struct sockaddr_un addr;
    int i;
    int ret;
    int data_socket;
    char buffer[BUFFER_SIZE];

    /* Create local socket. */

    data_socket = socket(AF_UNIX, SOCK_SEQPACKET, 0);
    if (data_socket == -1) {
        perror("socket");
        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

    /*
     * For portability clear the whole structure, since some
     * implementations have additional (nonstandard) fields in
     * the structure.
     */

    memset(&addr, 0, sizeof(struct sockaddr_un));

    /* Connect socket to socket address */

    addr.sun_family = AF_UNIX;
    strncpy(addr.sun_path, SOCKET_NAME, sizeof(addr.sun_path) - 1);

    ret = connect (data_socket, (const struct sockaddr *) &addr,
                   sizeof(struct sockaddr_un));
    if (ret == -1) {
        fprintf(stderr, "The server is down.\n");
        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

    /* Send arguments. */

    for (i = 1; i < argc; ++i) {
        ret = write(data_socket, argv[i], strlen(argv[i]) + 1);
        if (ret == -1) {
            perror("write");
            break;
        }
    }

    /* Request result. */

    strcpy (buffer, "END");
    ret = write(data_socket, buffer, strlen(buffer) + 1);
    if (ret == -1) {
        perror("write");
        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

    /* Receive result. */

    ret = read(data_socket, buffer, BUFFER_SIZE);
    if (ret == -1) {
        perror("read");
        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

    /* Ensure buffer is 0-terminated. */

    buffer[BUFFER_SIZE - 1] = 0;

    printf("Result = %s\n", buffer);

    /* Close socket. */

    close(data_socket);

    exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}
ref :
1. Linux Programmer's Manual
2. 心的距離